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    Geography & Travel

    Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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    Featured content, September 18, 2020

    Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
    What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
    #WTFact / Geography & Travel
    Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
    Where Is “Old Zealand”?
    Pretty much as far away from New Zealand as you can get while staying on Earth.
    Demystified / Geography & Travel
    New Zealand. Political/Physical map. Includes locator.
    8 Hotly Disputed Borders of the World
    Somaliland, the Korean peninsula, Western Sahara—all of these places are home to some of the most hotly disputed borders...
    List / Geography & Travel
    38th Parallel. Korean War. demilitarized zone (DMZ). Crossing the 38th parallel. United Nations forces withdraw from Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. They recrossed the 38th parallel, 1950. The DMZ was created July 27, 1953 at P'anmunjom.
    What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
    People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
    Companion / Geography & Travel
    Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
    Plains Indian
    Plains Indian, member of any of the Native American peoples inhabiting the Great Plains of the United States and Canada....
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    Distribution of North American Plains Indians
    Indo-Aryan languages
    Indo-Aryan languages, subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. In the early 21st century,...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    Devanagari script
    Glacial landform
    Glacial landform, any product of flowing ice and meltwater. Such landforms are being produced today in glaciated areas, such...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    esker: Nunavut
    Map
    Map, graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features—for example, geographical, geological,...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    topographic map

    Geography & Travel Quizzes

    United State Constitution lying on the United State flag set-up shot (We the People, democracy, stars and stripes).
    The United States: Fact or Fiction?
    Containing the "city of big shoulders," and the "city that never sleeps," does the United States also contain the longest...
    Waving American flag. Flag of the United States of America, United States flag, patriotic, patriotism, stars and stripes.
    States of America: Fact or Fiction?
    You may be familiar with New York and Nebraska, but are there 11 U.S. states with names that begin with the letter "N?" See...
    Aerial view of River Amazon (Amazon River; rain forest; rainforest; South America)
    A River Runs Through It: Fact or Fiction?
    Does Delhi, India, lie far from any river? Do many large rivers empty into the Bay of Bengal? Keep your head above water,...
    A barge travels on the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
    Cry Me a River: Fact or Fiction?
    Is the Ganga River in southern India? Does the Mississippi flow through three countries? Sort through the facts while floating...
    Mt. Fuji from the west, near the boundary between Yamanashi and Shizuoka Prefectures, Japan.
    Exploring Japan: Fact or Fiction?
    Is Osaka the capital of Japan? Is the cherry tree a symbol of Japan? Travel to East Asia and sort out the facts in this journey...
    Arabian Camel (Camelus dromedarius) in the Sahara Desert sand dunes. (pack animal; sand; Morocco; Africa; African desert; mammal; dromedary; drought)
    Exploring Deserts: Fact or Fiction?
    Is it true that deserts do not grow? Is The Gobi Desert the largest desert in the world? Sift through the sand (and these...
    Earth's horizon and airglow viewed from the Space Shuttle Columbia.
    Earth’s Features: Fact or Fiction
    Are both the highest and lowest points on Earth in Asia? From continents to southern poles, test the highs and lows of your...
    Planet Earth section illustration on white background.
    Exploring Earth: Fact or Fiction?
    Are there places on Earth that have never been surveyed? Is the sunniest place on Earth at the Equator? Test your knowledge...
    Coral Reef, Red Sea
    Oceans Across the World: Fact or Fiction?
    Is a reef a feature of the ocean? Does the Atlantic Ocean have the world’s deepest water? Sort out the facts and see how...
    Hyderabad capital of Telangana state, south-central India. (Indian city; city skyline)
    India: Fact or Fiction?
    You may know that India is east of Pakistan, but does most of the country lie south of the Equator? From the national flag...
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    Geography & Travel Subcategories

    Toronto Cities & Towns
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Iraq Countries of the World
    Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
    Articles
    Auschwitz: entrance gates Historical Places
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Model T Highways & Trails
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Distribution of California Indians Human Geography
    Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
    Articles
    Latin inscription Languages
    Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
    Articles
    Africa Physical Geography of Land
    Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
    Articles
    Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington Physical Geography of Water
    Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
    Articles
    Moraine Lake at dawn, Banff National Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Nature Reserves & National Parks
    Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
    Articles
    Kentucky: flag States & Other Subdivisions
    Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
    Articles
    Plain of Esdraelon Geographic Regions
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Panoramic view of Machu Picchu, Peru. Tourist Attractions
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
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