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    Geography & Travel

    Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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    Featured content, February 25, 2021

    Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
    What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
    #WTFact / Geography & Travel
    Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
    25 Must-See Buildings in China
    Know before you go.
    List / Geography & Travel
    Panoramic view of the Mid Air Temple at Mount Heng, Xuan Kong Temple panorama image, China,
    Which Waters Do You Pass Through When You “Sail the Seven Seas”?
    Here’s a hint: It depends on when you’re sailing them.
    Demystified / Geography & Travel
    Sailboat against a beautiful landscape
    What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
    People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
    Companion / Geography & Travel
    Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
    Australia
    Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    Australia
    Europe
    Europe, second smallest of the world’s continents, composed of the westward-projecting peninsulas of Eurasia (the great landmass...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    Europe
    Austronesian languages
    Austronesian languages, family of languages spoken in most of the Indonesian archipelago; all of the Philippines, Madagascar,...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    Austronesian languages
    Map
    Map, graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features—for example, geographical, geological,...
    Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
    topographic map

    Geography & Travel Quizzes

    Panoramic of vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) grazing near saltpans, Atacama Desert, Chile
    South America: Fact or Fiction?
    You may know that the Amazon rainforest is located on this continent, but is the world’s driest place also in South America?...
    The national flag of Canada. O Canada, Canadian flag, Canada flag, flag of canada, O' Canada. Blog, Homepage 2010, arts and entertainment, history and society
    Exploring Canada: Fact or Fiction?
    Is Canada the world’s second-largest country? Is the oak leaf the symbol of Canada? From geography to language, sort fact...
    Yellow Eyed Penguin, New Zealand. (endangered species)
    Oceania: Fact or Fiction?
    Do many islands in Oceania have coral reefs? Is Oceania found in the North Atlantic Ocean? Sort fact from fiction in this...
    Hawaiian volcanic crater, Hawaii
    Hawaii: Fact or Fiction?
    You may have heard of the popular television show Hawaii Five-0, but do you know if Hawaii contains over 100 islands?...
    Flag of France
    Exploring France: Fact or Fiction?
    Was Paris, one of Europe’s most popular tourist destinations, originally built on an island? Where is Devil’s Island? Test...
    Aerial of Bridgetown, Barbados, West Indies (Caribbean island)
    Around the Caribbean: Fact or Fiction?
    Was Cuba once a colony of France? Is Jamaica the third largest island in the Caribbean Sea? Sort fact from fiction in this...
    Flag of Australia
    Australia: Fact or Fiction?
    Is Australia larger than the United States? Does it house the world’s largest fence? Scale mountains and travel to distant...
    Cathedral of Brasilia, Brazil, designed by Oscar Niemeyer, built in the shape of a crown of thorns.
    Journey to South America: Fact or Fiction?
    Is the capital of Brazil known for its architecture? Is Argentina a large country? Sort fact from fiction—and learn about...
    Valle de la Luna (Valley of the Moon) in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.
    Exploring Chile: Fact or Fiction?
    Is Chile located on the west coast of South America? Does Chile have the longest seacoast of any country of the world? Test...
    Flag of Paraguy
    Exploring Paraguay: Fact or Fiction?
    Is Paraguay north of the Equator? Is Santiago the capital of Paraguay? Get to the heart of the matter—and journey to the...
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    Geography & Travel
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    Geography & Travel Subcategories

    Riyadh and surrounding physical features in Saudi Arabia Cities & Towns
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Ukraine Countries of the World
    Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
    Articles
    ancient Rome Historical Places
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Highways & Trails
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Distribution of North American Plateau Indians Human Geography
    Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
    Articles
    Some of the pictorial signs used at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif. Languages
    Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
    Articles
    Mount St. Helens volcano Physical Geography of Land
    Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
    Articles
    Arctic. Greenland. North Pole. Political map: boundaries, cities. Includes locator. Physical Geography of Water
    Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
    Articles
    Hiker in Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada, east-central California. Nature Reserves & National Parks
    Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
    Articles
    Flag of Queensland States & Other Subdivisions
    Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
    Articles
    Northern Africa. Political/Physical map: regional, elevation. Geographic Regions
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Big Ben Tourist Attractions
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
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